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Exercises for session 2: Hardware access and Micropython

Exercise 1:

Connect to Micropython using a terminal emulator.

Import the machine package:

import machine
Make Micropython known that our built-in LED is connected to GPIO pin 2 and set this pin to output mode.

Switch the LED on.

Switch it off again

Take https://docs.micropython.org/en/latest/esp8266/tutorial/pins.html as reference

Try the help function to get information about the machine package and the Pin module
( help(machine), help(machine.Pin) )

Instead of importing machine import machine.Pin:

from machine import Pin

How do you access the GPIO now?

Exercise 2:

Write a script to blink the built-in LED. Use the value method of machine.Pin to accomplish this.

Run this script using thonny or uPyCraft

Write a script to switch the LED off

Exercise 3:

Change the brightness of the LED using PWM.


Write a script similar to the one shown during the lectures cycling the brightness of the LED. Instead of using a sin function as shown during the lectures, use a triangular function.

Exercise 4:

Connect the WS2812 rgb LED to the WeMos D1 mini CPU. Just stack it onto the CPU card.

Before powering the sandwich, please put a piece of paper on top of the LED. The LED is extremely bright and looking straight into it might damage your eyes!

Write a script that powers only the red, then only the green, then only the blue LED. Have the individual LEDs on for 1s and cycle through the colours 5 times. Then switch off the LED.

Exercise 5:

Cycle through the colours showing the full potential of the WS2812.

Exercise 6:

Disconnect the WS2812 and connect the SHT30 temperature and humidity sensor instead. Have a look at the description of the I2C class:


Have a look at the code of the i2cScan.py script and make sure you understand it. Run it. On which I2C address can your SHT30 be addressed?

Exercise 7:

Have a look at the SHT30 driver sht30.py. You can find it at:


Which methods would you use?

Write a script to measure and read out temperature and relative humidity every 2 s and print the results.

-- Uli Raich - 2019-05-14


Topic revision: r1 - 2019-05-14 - UliRaich
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